Nutrition - Health

Nutrition Blogs

17 June 2021

Nutrition Blogs Nutrition Blogs
  • Chrononutrition: Should You Be Eating According To Your Circadian Rhythm?
    17 June 2021

    I’ve always been a vocal critic of the ‘never eat before bed’ rule.  What whole ‘never eat after 7pm’ thing? What’s the reasoning behind it? Sure, metabolic rate slows during the night, but that doesn’t mean your bedtime snack is going to ‘stick to your thighs’ (what people used to say…in the 90s). I’ve always…
    Read more

    The post Chrononutrition: Should You Be Eating According To Your Circadian Rhythm? appeared first on Abby Langer Nutrition.

  • Limited-Time Summer Merch Is Here
    17 June 2021

     

    Show off your healthy lifestyle while supporting NutritionFacts.org. Our limited edition tee and tank are perfect for your summer activities, and all proceeds go to keeping NutritionFacts.org going and growing. Don’t wait to order, though. These items are only available until July 4. Get them here.

     

    Key Takeaways: Thyroid Health

    A butterfly-shaped gland found low on the front of the neck, the thyroid is part of the endocrine system, which is made up of glands that produce, store, and release hormones into the bloodstream. Thyroid hormones primarily influence our metabolism, growth, development, and body temperature. I recently did a webinar on iodine and thyroid function, and those videos are now all out on NutritionFacts.org. Watch them—and learn more about thyroid health—here.

        Recipe: Yellow Split Pea Dal with Watercress

    Dal is a staple in Indian cuisine and packed with rich spices. This bright meal is flavored with ginger, cumin, coriander, and turmeric. It is both warm and comforting, but light enough to be enjoyed all year round. Serve it over whole grains to check off several Daily Dozen items in one meal. You can find the recipe here, and a video on how it’s made here.

          Welcome, Dan and Nick! 

    Dan and Nick recently joined our team and are responsible for day-to-day technical tasks, including development, maintenance, and administration of the NutritionFacts.org website to help bring you the latest in clinical nutrition.

    Dan has degrees in computer science and completed his doctoral research on machine learning, though his career has focused on web development. He has been a plant-based eater since 2016 and can often be found in the kitchen with his daughter, proving what is good for you tastes great, too. Dan lives in northern California with his wife, daughter, and two dogs.

     

     

    Nick is a full-stack web developer. When he’s not developing websites and web apps, he enjoys learning French, reading up on global politics, and animal rights activism. He spends most of his time between Florida and the United Kingdom.

     

     

     

    Vitamin D Infographic

    Is it necessary to take vitamin D supplements? Vitamin D is made mostly by animals, including ourselves, when we’re exposed to sunlight. Based on randomized, controlled studies, it may help us enjoy a healthier life. If you don’t get adequate sun exposure, I recommend 2,000 IU vitamin D supplements daily, ideally with the largest meal of the day. You can now get a summary of my vitamin D information in a printable, shareable infographic

     

     

    Meghan’s Health Story 

    I was diagnosed with stage 4 colon cancer at age 38. Genetic testing showed no predisposition, and my General Practitioner asked if that left me with more questions than answers. It did! I told her I had cut out red meat at the suggestion of my oncologist. She said, “That’s great! Keep going; in fact…cut out the white meat, dairy, and eggs.” Of course I asked, “What would I eat?!!” Then she asked me if I had heard of TMAO, and she wrote that down on a post-it, along with NutritionFacts.org.

    Watching the videos on TMAO and other topics really helped me. I saw that if my diet could do this to me, it could fix me too! I also read Dr. Greger’s book, How Not to Die. I had phenomenal, unbelievable success by implementing the dietary changes I was originally afraid of, and I am 3 years still cancer free. 

     

     

    The Healthiest Natural Source of Iodine

    How much nori, dulse, or arame approximate the recommended daily allowance for iodine?

     

     

    The Best Diet for Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

    Is the apparent protection of plant-based diets for thyroid health due to the exclusion of animal foods, the benefits of plant foods, or both?

     

     

    Benefits of Black Cumin Seed for Weight Loss

    For three cents a day, black cumin may improve cholesterol and triglyceride levels, blood pressure, and blood sugar control, as well as accelerate the loss of body fat.

     

      Next Live Q&A on July 22

    My once-monthly live Q&As are now going bi-monthly. Don’t worry, though. It’s only temporary while I focus my time on researching and writing my next book, How Not to Age (coming out in 2022). Join me for the next Q&A on July 22.

    Join on our Facebook page or YouTube channel at 3pm ET. I’ll be streaming to both at the same time!

    You can find links to past live Q&As here on NutritionFacts.org. If that’s not enough, don’t forget I have an audio podcast to keep you company, too.

     

    In health,
    Michael Greger, M.D.

    PS: If you haven’t yet, you can subscribe to my free videos here and watch my live, year-in-review presentations:

  • Picky eater test: how severe is your toddlers’ fussy eating?
    17 June 2021

    Looking for a picky eater test because your child is refusing new foods?  Has your child’s nursery or school expressed concern about your child’s limited repertoire of foods?  

    I get it!  There is so much information on picky eating available and yet it can be difficult to know whether your child’s fussy eating is anything to be concerned about or not.

    In this comprehensive article, you’ll find a picky-eater test.  Use the picky eating questionnaire below to assess whether your child’s pickiness is mild, moderate or severe.

    Once you’ve established your child’s severity of fussiness, you can then make a decision about the type of support that your child needs to learn to try new foods.

    Want to refer back to this article?  Pop your details below to get a PDF copy delivered directly into your inbox.

    Subscribe
    Table of Contents
    What is picky eating?

    Did you know that there isn’t a universally accepted definition for picky eating?  There also isn’t a specific picky eater test to identify it.

    An experienced paediatric dietitian will usually complete a thorough initial assessment to understand the severity of your child’s picky eating.

    If you have been thinking about taking a picky eater test, then chances are that your child is unwilling to try new foods.   You also have concerns about the variety of foods that your child eats and whether they are getting the right nutrients to thrive.

    If your child is on the severe side of fussy eating, then they may also ‘drop’ previously accepted foods.   This is likely when you start to worry because he/she is also refusing to eat foods that they used to love and readily accept.

    Suddenly your list of ‘go to’ foods for your picky eater is limited.  The variety of foods is also lacking and your child’s nursery or school struggles to find suitable foods for your child to eat.

    So if you haven’t already, this is when you need to ask a picky eating dietitian and expert to assess your problem feeder.

    When is picky eating normal?

    Picky eating is a fairly common behaviour in children across the globe.  In the UK and globally, at least one in five children are likely to have fussy eating tendencies.

    But not all picky eating is a problem.

    When children show mild signs of picky eating, at a snapshot, their diet will still look pretty good. 

    They might be picky with some foods, but they’ll usually eat a good variety of foods (including fruit and vegetables).

    You might find that they fuss when overtired after nursery and school or if they are just not that hungry.

    As much as it might surprise you, occasionally your child truly might not be hungry and start to ‘fuss’ during a meal.  Be reassured that this is perfectly normal and they’ll make up not eating by eating to fill their appetite at the next meal.

    Children on the ‘mild’ end of the fussy eating spectrum might have a small list of ‘hated’ foods, but this isn’t anything to worry about.   They’ll eventually learn to accept these foods as they get older and are ready to explore new foods.

    So as long as your child only refuses to eat a handful of specific foods, this is perfectly normal and nothing to worry about.

    What is neophobia?

    Toddlers around the age of 18 to 20 months also go through something that paediatric dietitians and paediatricians refer to as the neophobic phase.  

    This is when toddlers start to reject previously loved foods.  They may also refuse to try anything new and become suspicious of most foods.   

    This can cause considerable mealtime stress for your family.

    As this phase is temporary, it will only last for a short period of time.

    It is thought that this is an innate behaviour from evolutionary times to protect babies from eating poisonous berries.  

    In fact, this phase can start as early as 12 months of age and peak around 20 months.  The foods that your child will most likely refuse are fruit and vegetables.  

    The trick is to continue to offer your toddler a variety of these foods and they’ll soon outgrow this period fairly quickly.



    Are picky eaters born or made?

    Genetics can play a part in picky eating.  Some children may be programmed towards fussy eating.  

    However, as long as you continue to offer your child a variety of food and flavours (including the bitter flavours from vegetables), most toddlers will outgrow mild picky eating habits with ease.

    What causes picky eating?

     

    • Delayed introduction of solids to beyond 10 months of age
    • History of severe vomiting with delayed diagnosis and management of reflux 
    • History of food allergy e.g. cow’s milk protein allergy
    • Other medical conditions that can impact on appetite e.g. chronic kidney disease
    • Heavy reliance of pre-made baby foods or meals (due to its smooth texture)
    • Delayed introduction of dairy products (can cause unfamiliarity)
    • Strict baby-led weaning with limited exposure to wet sloppy textures

    Research suggests that when picky eating is triggered by as early as 24 months of age, it tends to persist more than if it starts later in childhood

    Picky eating can be triggered during the early weaning stage but also during your child’s second year of life when they start to feed independently.

    Your parenting style is therefore key in helping your child develop a positive relationship with food.

    How to tell if your child is a moderate to severe picky eater?

    If your child is a problem feeder and you are not sure whether they have mild, moderate or severe picky eating, then run through the picky eating test below.

      Picky eater questionnaire

    To use this picky eater test, simply answer yes or no to the following questions.  Give yourself the corresponding score in brackets every time you answer yes to any of the questions below.

    ‘Is my child a picky eater’ quiz.
    • Are mealtimes stressful, a battle rather than pleasure? (1 point)
    • Do you make separate meals for your child at every meal? (2 points)
    • Does your child refuse new foods at first? (1 point)
    • Is your child interested in tasting foods they have tried before? (No = 1 point)
    • Does your child currently refuse to eat certain food groups (e.g. protein foods such as meat, chicken and fish or fruit and vegetables) versus just one or two foods from each category? (2 points)
    • Does your child eat less than 20 different foods? (2 points)
    • Does your child often experience constipation? (1 point)
    • Is your child frequently unwell with coughs and colds? (1 point)
    • Does your child have difficulty with certain textures or smells of foods? (1 point)
    • Has your child lost weight as a result of picky eating? (2 points)
    • Does your child need aids such as TV, smartphones or toys to distract them during a meal? (1 point)
    When should you start to worry about fussy eating?

     

    If you answered yes to many of the questions listed in the picky eater test above then your child is most likely a picky eater.

    As previously alluded to there is a spectrum of picky eating.  

    3 points and under (most likely a mild picky eater)

    If your child is on the mild end of the picky eating spectrum then here’s the good news.

    With a few first-line interventions your child will gradually outgrow fussy eating and learn to try new foods.

    Some of my favourite first-line interventions to solve picky eating include:

    4-15 points (moderate to severe fussy eater)

     

    On the other hand, if mealtimes are constantly a battle or your child refuses to eat anything new, you may also start to notice a dip in their weight and growth.   

    In this scenario, it’s important to seek professional help and advice straight away to prevent further weight loss and vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

    My 1-2-1 Fussy Eating Solutions Programme and small group coaching called ‘End Mealtime Battles’ are designed to help support you and your child through this journey.

    You will be provided with a step by step plan that’s designed to give you the results that you are looking for.

    Common questions about picky eaters
     
    At what point do you stop making separate meals for your picky eater?

     

    In my programmes, one of the first things that I teach you to do is how to stop making separate meals for your children.

    It’s tempting to make separate meals if your child will only eat 1 or 2 foods from the main menu

    The problem with separate meals is that they’ll never learn to eat anything beyond what they are regularly offered.

    That’s why I’ve included the question ‘do you make separate meals’ as one of the questions in this picky eater test.

    If your child is on the moderate to severe end of the spectrum of picky eating, then I know that you’ll worry that they won’t eat anything if their preferred foods are not offered.

    But if you show your child how to try new foods, then they’ll soon learn how to increase their confidence and curiosity about new foods, it’s flavours and textures.

    Inside my 1-2-1 and group coaching programmes, I show you how to create nutritionally balanced meals whilst always offering something for your child to eat.

    Is being picky about food a bad thing?

    This completely depends on whether your child simply refuses to eat one or two foods or it’s an entire food group

    For example, your child might refuse to eat meat and other protein-rich foods.

    This then puts them at risk of iron deficiency as well as other micronutrient deficiencies like zinc.

    Their overall protein intake might also be compromised. 

    Protein is essential to help children grow and develop normally.

    In the short term, you can of course supplement with a vitamin and mineral supplement.  

    Note that this will be just a short term fix to a long term problem.   

    Ultimately, you will need to address the underlying picky eating leading to low vitamin and mineral intake so that your child learns to try new foods.

    Unresolved picky eating can also persist into the adolescent and adult years.

    This can impact your child’s confidence in social situations.  Examples include eating out in restaurants with family and friends, birthday parties, play dates and so on.

    What is it like being the parent of a picky eater?

     

    Inside my small group coaching programme ‘End Mealtime Battles’, a parent confessed how relieved she was to be able to share her worries and journey with other like-minded parents.

    “We have to work extra hard when it comes to feeding our kids,” she said in one session.

    “But through this programme, my child keeps going from strength to strength where she is learning to lick and then take small bites of new foods”

    If you too would like to be supported by other parents who are in a similar situation to you, then book a discovery session to learn more about my..

  • Creamy Peanut Butter Noodles
    17 June 2021
    These are the dreamiest, creamiest peanut butter noodles you’ll ever eat!Packed with peanut-buttery flavor, veggies, and optional BBQ chicken or tofu, there’s a reason this dish has...[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • Pork and Mushroom Meatball-Style Soup
    17 June 2021
  • Vegetable and Lentil Coconut Curry
    17 June 2021
    This is a really simple recipe and features canned lentils, these are fun, a great source of protein and fiber and because they are canned don't need soaking or pressure cooking. Also love the flavors of Thai curry in this dish.  Thai green curry with lentils and veggies Ingredients -Any veggies...
  • Turkey Mushroom Burger Recipe
    17 June 2021
    This delicious turkey mushroom burger recipe is moist, nutritious and easy to make! Perfect for a summer barbeque with friends or family! We are a big fan of burgers over here. It’s so nice to have an easy supper that everyone loves and that doesn’t require a lot of clean-up! I often make them...
  • Reminder To Rest
    17 June 2021
    There's a new post on Kath Eats!All of the podcasts I love were emphasizing the importance of rest recently. The reminder to rest hit home, and I’ll be doing just that next week! Do you ever have those days where you feel like the universe is trying to tell you something?  Recently I was listening...
  • PROBIOTIC AVOCADO RANCH DRESSING
    17 June 2021

    Let's keep the summer flavors rolling, with this fun recipe.


    Pure, simple, rich with gut friendly probiotics and of course, so yummy. The dressing is something I love to have in my fridge –– it's good with everything and you can make the dairy-free option if you like. In fact, I am making this for dinner with a cob salad tonight.


    I wrote this recipe a coupe of years ago for the Chopra Center. Everyone in my house loves it, as do I. You can buy a regular kefir (or even whole milk yogurt) or if you are dairy free, try a dairy-free plain kefir, now available at health food stores.



    Use it as a dip, a salad dressing or a simple zippy sauce to give your main course a flare. Rich in probiotics and so quick to make.


    download recipe
    Want to feel inspired in your kitchen? Keep perusing for tasty and healthy recipes
  • Instant Pot EASY Hearty Stew
    17 June 2021

    I know it's not "stew season" as summer is just around the corner, but this Easy Instant Pot Hearty Stew is still a staple in our weekly meal prep! It's comforting, delicious, and filling. This recipe makes enough for 6 large meals, so usually we will make it fresh for dinner and then make 2 lunches out of it. Stew is also one of those things that just gets tastier with time :)

    This recipe was the first recipe I tried with my Instant Pot. I don't know why it took me so long to start using my Instant Pot... about 2.5 years to be exact. I bought it on sale (for like $60?!) and it literally sat in my cupboard for that long! For some reason I thought the Instant Pot was very time and labor intensive - boy was I wrong. It's now one of my favorite cooking methods! Although I have yet to try the yogurt setting... Anyways I promise that more Instant Pot recipes will be coming soon!

    This stew is such a great meal prep recipe because it tastes delicious, has good quality carbohydrates (potatoes), protein (beef), good fats (olive oil), and lots of vegetables! It's a very nutritionally well-rounded lunch or dinner recipe. It is also totally customizable, so here are some tips to make the stew exactly how you like:

    1. Vegetarian Stew: substitute beef with 1 can of black beans and 1 can of chickpeas, and substitute beef broth with vegetable broth.
    2. Vegetable Broth: to continue from point #1, when using vegetable broth I usually recommend increasing the balsamic vinegar or red wine to 1/4 cup, and adding some extra garlic, thyme, and rosemary. You can also add a splash of soy sauce, which increases the umami flavor.
    3. Different Vegetables: feel free to mix it up depending on your preferences, and what you have in the fridge! For example, you can use sweet potatoes/yams, corn, peas, beans, kale, spinach, cauliflower, the list goes on!

    Okay, let's get started!

    Prep Time: 10 mins

    Cook Time: 80 mins (but completely hands-off, except for searing the meat!)

    Ingredients:

    • 2 tbsp olive oil
    • 2-4 pounds of rump or chuck or blade roast, trimmed of excess fat
    • 1 yellow onion, chopped
    • 4-5 cloves of garlic, roughly minced
    • 1-2 beets
    • 5-6 small potatoes, halved
    • 4 large carrots, chopped
    • 3 stalks celery, chopped
    • 2-3 tbsp balsamic vinegar or red wine
    • 2 tbsp Dijon mustard
    • 1 tbsp brown sugar
    • A few sprigs of fresh thyme
    • A few sprigs of fresh rosemary
    • 1/2 tsp ground black pepper
    • 900 mL beef broth
    • *I also threw in ~1 cup of frozen corn at the end for the sole purpose of cooling the stew down so we could eat it faster LOL

    Instructions:

    1. Set Instant Pot to "saute", and heat olive oil
    2. Season roast with salt and pepper, and sear on all sides until browned
    3. Add the onions, garlic, beets, potatoes, carrots, celery, balsamic vinegar, Dijon mustard, brown sugar, thyme, rosemary, black pepper, and beef broth. Place lid on Instant pot with steam valve closed.
    4. Set Instant Pot to 'manual' pressure cook mode for 60 minutes on 'high' pressure.
    5. Once the 60 minutes is complete, allow the pressure to release naturally for 15-20 minutes before releasing remaining pressure.
    6. Carefully remove the lid and enjoy!

    We hope you enjoy this recipe! Please comment below and share on social media if you do :) @vancouverdietitians

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Blogs Just Released - Health

Health

Health Blogs

17 June 2021

Health Blogs Health Blogs
  • Dr. Michael Everest – A Medical Hero Transforming Lives Daily
    17 June 2021

    HealthStatus
    Dr. Michael Everest – A Medical Hero Transforming Lives Daily

    If there was ever a way to describe an angel, you could possibly say that Dr. Michael Everest is the perfect example. From the beginning of his career, he always had in mind to make a difference in people’s lives, and that is precisely what he has done! In the beginning, he attended Sutton Valence […]

    Dr. Michael Everest – A Medical Hero Transforming Lives Daily
    HealthStatus Crew

  • How to Track Net Carbs Using Net Carbs Mode
    17 June 2021

    Tracking carbs? Customize how you track and view carbohydrates in MyFitnessPal with our Net Carbs Mode setting.

    The post How to Track Net Carbs Using Net Carbs Mode appeared first on MyFitnessPal Blog.

  • 4 Healthy Strategies To Handle Stress
    17 June 2021

    Take a deep breath and read

    The post 4 Healthy Strategies To Handle Stress appeared first on Healthy Huemans.

  • What is the Difference between Asbestosis and Mesothelioma?
    17 June 2021
    What is the Difference between Asbestosis and Mesothelioma? What is the Difference between Asbestosis and Mesothelioma

    Topic: What is the Difference between Asbestosis and Mesothelioma?

    Mesothelioma is an incurable asbestos-related cancer that affects the mesothelium, lining various areas of the body.

    Asbestosis is a non-cancerous form of pulmonary fibrosis in which the lung tissue thickens and hardens over time due to permanent scarring of the alveoli.

    Both of these conditions are caused by inhaling asbestos dust and fibres, but they present and affect the body in very different ways.

    What is the Difference between Asbestosis and Mesothelioma? The first symptoms of Mesothelioma

    All asbestos-related diseases can take 10 to 50 years to develop, and symptoms can sometimes take longer to appear.

    Mesothelioma is a very fast-acting disease since once the first signs of symptoms appear, a person’s health can deteriorate extremely quickly.

    The early symptoms of mesothelioma can include:

    1. Persistent cough, lasting 3 weeks or more;
    2. Chest pain;
    3. Weight loss without dieting.

    Some people may also experience a change in the shape of their fingers and nails, known as “drumstick fingers.”

    It can sometimes be difficult to diagnose Mesothelioma due to the early symptoms, as they can often be attributed to other lung or respiratory conditions. You must tell your doctor if he has ever been in contact with asbestos dust and fibres and inhaled it, as he should be able to determine the best course of action to find out what is wrong with you.

    The first symptoms of asbestosis.

    Unlike Mesothelioma, asbestosis is a very slow-paced respiratory disease, even for one type of pulmonary fibrosis.

    While most of its symptoms may be similar to Mesothelioma, the early symptoms of asbestosis are much less noticeable and are often seen as signs of old age. These may include:

    Constant and regular fatigue;

    Shortness of breath due to minimal exertion, for example, when climbing stairs or walking the dog;
    Hypertension, a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is consistently high.

    Like Mesothelioma, asbestosis symptoms can take 10 to 50 years to appear. The severity of this disease can vary from person to person. Asbestosis usually progresses slowly and, in many cases, will remain stable for a long time.

    What are the causes of Mesothelioma?

    It is estimated that in the UK, more than 90% of men with Mesothelioma and more than 80% of women with the disease have consciously come into contact with or been exposed to asbestos dust and fibres. We know that asbestos inhalation is the main cause of Mesothelioma.

    Dr Robin Rudd, an expert in Mesothelioma and asbestos, said: “Mesothelioma can occur after a low level of asbestos exposure, and there is no threshold dose of asbestos below which there is no risk.

    This means that inhaling a single asbestos fibre could cause Mesothelioma.

    It was believed that only people who worked in trades in industry and construction could develop Mesothelioma, but in recent years this has not been the case. Due to the prevalence of asbestos in building materials across the UK, especially in schools, hospitals and other public buildings, teachers, nurses, and even former students have started to develop Mesothelioma, among other asbestos-related diseases.

    What Causes Asbestosis?

    As with all asbestos-related diseases, occupational asbestos exposure is the leading cause of asbestosis. Most asbestos cases in the UK and around the world are related to work in occupations where asbestos was used on an industrial scale, such as:

    • Naval building;
    • Construction and demolition;
    • Pipeline and boiler works;
    • Isolation (delay).

    Asbestosis generally develops after several years of prolonged and high exposure to asbestos dust and fibres, usually 5 years or more. People who develop the disease recall working in large areas of asbestos dust for most of their working lives and often working with asbestos and asbestos-containing materials.

    Inhaled asbestos fibres damage the lungs and cause scar tissue to develop, making it increasingly difficult to breathe.

    In most cases, asbestosis develops after asbestos has built up in the lungs for many years. Asbestos fibres permanently damage the alveoli (air sacs that supply oxygen to the blood) in the lungs, limiting the amount of oxygen they can absorb.

    What can I do if I am diagnosed with Mesothelioma or Asbestosis?

    If you or someone you know is diagnosed with Mesothelioma or asbestosis, there are several things you need to do.

    The first thing to do should be to talk to your doctor and/or respiratory specialist and ask them how the disease will affect your life. They can also give you the best information about upcoming treatments or clinical trials that you can participate in.

    Second, there is help and support for you. At the National Asbestos Helpline, They offer help and advice on managing your health, as well as directing you to the right support networks. We can also find out if there is any financial assistance you may be eligible for, such as compensation and/or government benefits. This could not just ease the burden that these life-changing illnesses bring, like having to make modifications to your home, like installing stairlifts or showers or having to hire help like gardeners or cleaners.

    You should also try to think about your work history and where you have been exposed to asbestos. Typically this would be done in the course of your previous employment, and taking note of where you were regularly exposed would be essential if you were trying to get financial aid.

    People also ask:

    When does asbestosis turn into mesothelioma?

    Mesothelioma caused by asbestos exposure usually takes 20 to 50 years to develop. It is very rare to have a latency period of less than 15 years, while the longest cases are around 60 to 70 years.

    How long can you live with asbestosis?

    The average life expectancy for asbestos-related lung cancer is 16.2 months. The prognosis for asbestos-related lung cancer is best determined by a lung cancer specialist. You may be able to improve your prognosis with treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy.

    Is asbestosis a terminal illness?

    There is no cure for asbestosis due to its similarity to pulmonary fibrosis and other chronic respiratory diseases. Asbestosis treatment options focus on reducing symptoms and improving breathing capacity.

    Does asbestos cause mesothelioma?

    Pleural mesothelioma occurs when asbestos fibers are inhaled and embedded in the protective lining of the lungs (pleura). Over time, asbestos fibers cause inflammation and scarring of the lining, which can lead to disease progression.

    Can you survive asbestosis?

    There is no cure for asbestosis because the damage to the lungs is irreversible. However, there are steps you can take to reduce your symptoms and improve your quality of life.

    How long can you live with Stage 4 mesothelioma?

    The median survival rate for stage 4 mesothelioma is approximately 12 months with treatment. For patients with pleural mesothelioma, the stage 4 survival rate is approximately 14.9 months. In stage 4, the cancer is likely to continue to spread, which can lead to respiratory failure.

    Has anyone survived mesothelioma?

    The five-year survival rate for mesothelioma patients is approximately 12%. Approximately 40% of mesothelioma patients survive at least one year after diagnosis. The one-year survival rate is approximately 73% for pleural mesothelioma and 92% for peritoneal mesothelioma.

    Can you get mesothelioma without being exposed to asbestos?

    In rare cases, people develop mesothelioma without obvious asbestos exposure or erionitis. The cause in these cases is unknown (idiopathic or spontaneous mesothelioma). In such cases, people may have experienced unknown exposure to asbestos or erionite.

     

  • Bringing Joy Back to the Classroom and Supporting Stressed Kids – What Summer School Looks Like in 2021
    17 June 2021


    By Raphael Travis Jr., Texas State University; Kathleen Lynch, University of Connecticut; Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Temple University; Naomi Polinsky, Northwestern University, and Roberta Golinkoff, University of Delaware

    Already 62% of parents believe their children are behind in learning, according to a survey conducted by the National PTA and Learning Heroes. The transition from in-person to remote learning in 2020 has disrupted students' academic work. We've assembled a panel of academics to talk about how summer schools should be supporting students this year. Here, five experts explain what summer school does, and why it may look very different this year.

    Does voluntary summer school work?

    Kathleen Lynch, assistant professor of learning sciences, University of Connecticut

    Summer school programs help children get better at both reading and mathematics. Students who attend summer school tend to have higher test scores than those who don't, which means that offering voluntary summer programs is likely to help students catch up from pandemic-related learning slowdowns. And summer learning programs may also improve outcomes beyond test scores, such as by helping students to recover course credits.

    Summer learning programs work best when the reading instruction uses research-based strategies such as guided oral reading and modeling approaches to reading comprehension, and when daily time is given to math.

    Sports, extracurricular clubs and field trips can improve attendance at summer school programs – a necessary ingredient for learning.

    Summer programs can and should also create hands-on learning activities to build personal and social skills that will help children during the school year. For example, one summer program, in which students in Baltimore worked in teams to build robots while also learning math, improved school attendance during the following academic year.

    What should summer school look like after a year of the pandemic?

    Roberta Golinkoff, professor of education, University of Delaware; Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, professor of psychology, Temple University and the Brookings Institution; Naomi Polinsky, doctoral candidate in cognitive psychology, Northwestern University

    Summer school is the perfect time to return joy to classrooms with educational games, physical activity and inviting children to talk and participate. This year in particular, it's a chance to reimagine what the regular school year will look like, and make sure it meets kids' academic and social needs after many months of the pandemic.

    Blending the fun of summer camp with summer school allows us to put the best science to work for children – and teachers. Playful learning that is active, engaging, meaningful, socially interactive and fun can reignite a love of learning along with promoting strong teacher-student relationships.

    The Department of Education is aligned with this vision of what summer school can be for children – an active and interactive experience that enriches 21st-century skills like collaboration, communication, content, critical thinking, creative innovation and confidence, or the “6Cs." When children work together to figure out which butterflies are local, they are engaging in collaboration, communication and content. When they investigate whether a moth is the same as a butterfly, they are using critical thinking. And when they present their findings to the class, they are using creative innovation and building their confidence.

    Summer school can have a rich curriculum and still cultivate the skills that children will need to succeed in a world where knowing how to solve problems, beyond just knowing the answer, is of critical importance. Indeed, children learn best when they are actively engaged with the material.

    When material to be learned is meaningful and linked to children's lives, it is also easier to learn. And children love to be socially interactive and learn with their peers. Learning should be iterative so it can be revisited and tied in with new learning. These learning principles increase children's learning by increasing their agency and making the learning “stick."

    What challenges will summer school teachers face this year?

    Raphael Travis Jr., professor of social work, Texas State University

    Teachers may not be prepared to address the social and emotional needs of children, needs that have always existed but will play an important role this summer if children are to attend summer school.

    In summer programming meant to support the social and emotional needs of youth, the phenomenon of “summer strain" was introduced to highlight the student stress and mental health concerns that continue to affect student lives throughout the summer, without the added buffer of school structure and support. This contrasts with the idea of summer slide or summer slump, which focuses on perceived academic losses during summer months.

    One strategy using hip-hop culture allows youths to shape the direction of activities by exploring, researching and processing emotional themes of importance to them, such as strained relationships or overcoming life challenges. Next, they are able to make music that discusses these themes and possible solutions, for themselves or for others.

    Of course, the circumstances that produce summer strain have occurred on an even larger scale during the COVID-19 pandemic. This includes reduced activity, loneliness and social isolation, family stress, and limited access to food and mental health services.

    Health care claims for teenagers increased substantially between April 2019 and April 2020, reflecting significant increases in anxiety, depression and substance use disorders. Girls, LGBTQ+ youth and children from minority racial or ethnic groups have been particularly affected.

    I believe we must take meaningful steps to refocus summer school programs beyond academics to address these challenges.

    [Over 106,000 readers rely on The Conversation's newsletter to understand the world. Sign up today.]

    Raphael Travis Jr., Professor of Social Work, Texas State University; Kathleen Lynch, Assistant Professor of Learning Sciences, University of Connecticut; Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Director of the Infant Language Laboratory, Temple University; Naomi Polinsky, PhD Candidate, Northwestern University, and Roberta Golinkoff, Professor of Education, University of Delaware

    This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

  • From Distress To De-stress: Look For The Early Signs Of Stress And Overcome Them
    17 June 2021

    The human body is a fascinating masterpiece of brilliant genius. It gives us warnings at the first start of the trouble, and if we are willing to stop and listen, we can hear them for what they are- A Sign To Make Change And Calm Down.

    Even though our bodies go through a storm, and put up with a lot of our indiscipline there comes a point when enough is enough, and it starts showing signs of giving up. No one develops a disease overnight, so it’s logical enough to look for the early signs of body burnout and take steps towards correcting it.

    Some of the obvious signs can manifest into a long-term lifestyle disease. Listed below are the early Not- So- Obvious- Signs, that your body might be chronically stressed and which may go unnoticed —

    Frequent illness

    Long term stress is the biggest contributor to lowered immunity as the body is not in any position to fight infections. Some people exhibit respiratory infections while some show signs of gastric or also kidney and liver involvement as levels of stress hormones is high.  Metabolic stress disrupts the endocrine system where all the hormonal balances are thrown off guard.

    Sleeplessness

    Increased levels of cortisol in the body forces the sleep hormone melatonin to slow down making you unable to sleep. Too much stress and for a long time can create sleep disorders more frequently, affecting your overall productivity in the day.

    Frequent headaches

    Stress often leads to headaches with a contributing factor of jaw and teeth clenching. Migraine and low-grade cluster headaches are frequently seen with people who are constantly stressed.

    Irregular bowels

    We attribute most bowel problems to the kind of food we eat. But since our body and gut work proficiently along the GUT – BRAIN axis, any stress that’s going on in the mind can affect long-term digestion. Long-term stress is related to Irritable bowel syndrome or Leaky Gut or Constipation.

    Skin problems

    The skin is like a window to everything that’s  going on inside the body, and chronic stress, which  increases stress hormones and cortisol increases oil production leading to acne breakouts. The gut which is affected complies into inflammatory disorders manifested as autoimmune  skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema.

    Thinning hair

    Regardless of gender, stress is directly responsible for hair thinning and hair loss and a peculiar disorder of pulling out one’s own hair subconsciously due to heightened stress and anxiety. Hair massages and herbal application of hair boosters can help.

    Ringing in ears

    Stress can also be attributed to Constant Ear ringing (tinnitus)which is extremely annoying and over time can lead to uncomfortable bouts of dizziness. 

    Irregular menstrual cycle

    Stress affects the primary hormone control center in the brain called the hypothalamus which signals the pituitary gland to release estrogen and progesterone for the onset of periods. This leads to delayed, light or even missed periods.

    Low libido

    Stress also throws your sex hormones out of whack, not to mention the difficulty in getting in the mood when your mind is racing with stressful events.

    When you start seeing the above signs… Pause and Take a rest. Provide the nourishment and care it is desperately craving. 

    Our body has an immensely amazing power to take control of our stress levels. Stress that arises out of- Demanding work, Toxic relations, Unaccomplished dreams, can be addressed by incorporating mindful practices in our daily lives. Here is a list of how to deal with stress

    1. Journal your thoughts
    2. Light a candle
    3. Reduce caffeine intake
    4. Spend time with friends and family
    5. Laugh out loud
    6. Supplements can help
    7. Bathe with Epsom salt
    8. Soak feet in lukewarm water
    9. Exercise is the best destresser
    10. Maintain sleep hygiene

    This article is contributed by Daniyah Irfan!

    Author Bio: Dt. Daniyah Irfan, BSc Nutrition and PG diploma in Dietetics and Applied Nutrition from Mumbai University. Holistic Nutritionist, Mindful health care expert, Certified life coach, & Nutripreuner. Life member of Indian Dietetic Association. Transformed the health of many and now on a mission to educate the new generation towards healthy eating habits for optimum physical and mental wellbeing.

    Message for everyone: Be ready to do whatever it takes to be a health warrior!

    Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/define.your.diet/

    Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/defineyourdiet/

    The post From Distress To De-stress: Look For The Early Signs Of Stress And Overcome Them first appeared on Onthebuzz.

    The post From Distress To De-stress: Look For The Early Signs Of Stress And Overcome Them appeared first on Onthebuzz.

  • Ticks — and the diseases they carry — are likely becoming a big story in your area
    17 June 2021

    Photo: Jonathan Harford via Flickr

    The mild winter in the U.S. suggests that it will be a busy year for ticks — just as more Americans are emerging from the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Disease ecologists told Grist magazine that there is an uptick in people reporting ticks on their pets and themselves throughout the country, raising the risk there will be an increase in Lyme disease and other tick-borne related illnesses in 2021.

    “All these people complaining of a horrendous year” with ticks, Rick Ostfeld, a disease ecologist at Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies in Millbrook, N.Y., told Grist. “They’re actually right.”

    Ostfeld has been studying black-legged ticks, also known as deer ticks, for more than 25 years and says one of the reasons this year is a busy tick season is related to oak trees. In 2019, oak trees dropped an unusually large amount of acorns across the Eastern seaboard, spawning a larger than average rodent population in the winter of 2019 and 2020. Rodents, which carry pathogens that cause diseases like Lyme, are a favorite food for baby ticks, also called nymphs. Ticks, which have up to a three-year life cycle, acquire the pathogens when they feed on rodents as nymphs. (See these graphics describing a tick life cycle.)

    Ostfeld has been able to predict that when there are a lot of acorns, there will be an uptick in ticks and related diseases two years later. Blacklegged ticks are a primary carrier of Lyme disease, which can cause joint pain, weakness in the limbs and flulike symptoms.

    Climate change also is playing a more significant role in the geographic expansion in tick populations as warmer winters can mean more ticks in more areas. The Carey Institute is currently conducting a five-year study with support from the U.S. Department of Defense’s Strategic Environmental Research and Development program to understand how climate change is impacting ticks populations and the spread of tick-borne diseases. Other dangerous tick-borne diseases include Ehrlichiosis, spotted fever rickettsiosis, babesiosis, tularemia and Powassan virus.

    The Washington Post reported on May 29 that babesiosis cases are growing in frequency and geographic range among Medicare beneficiaries. The disease is caused by parasites that thrive in ticks and can cause death if it isn’t caught early.

    The Centers for Disease Control Prevention says the total number of tick-borne diseases reported to the agency rose by 125 percent to 50,865 in 2019, from 22,527 in 2004. These figures, however, underestimate the prevalence of cases because most aren’t reported to the agency. In February 2021, the CDC estimated that the number of Americans with Lyme was closer to 467,000 based on an analysis of health insurance records.

    In 2019, the CDC also began tracking tick populations, which the public can see in this map, to get a sense of where they might be at risk for a tick-borne disease. The map illustrates that ticks carrying Lyme were heavily concentrated in New England, the upper Midwest, parts of California and Washington state during 2020.

    There currently is no vaccine offered for humans to prevent Lyme disease, but the University of Maryland is leading an effort to develop a vaccine. The road to a Lyme vaccine has been rocky. In 1998, the Food and Drug Administration approved LYMErix, a Lyme vaccine developed by SmithKline Beecham, which pulled it from the market one year later following too many reports of adverse reactions.

    Here are more resources and recent reporting on this topic:

  • Pfizer's COVID Vaccine In Teens And Myocarditis: What You Need To Know
    17 June 2021

    Health officials are investigating reports of mostly mild, temporary and treatable heart inflammation that may or may not be causally linked to vaccination with with an mRNA vaccine against COVID-19.

    (Image credit: Eva Marie Uzcategui/Bloomberg via Getty Images)

  • 453: Dr Tami Meraglia and Ian Mitchell on a Holistic Approach to Hair Loss (with Extreme Results)
    17 June 2021

    I’ve gotten an increasing number of questions about hair loss recently. The stress of the last year has gotten to a lot of us! That’s why today’s episode delves into the science of hair loss and provides evidence-based methods for reversing it! I chat with Dr. Tami Meraglia, author of the bestselling book The Hormone Secret …

    Continue reading 453: Dr Tami Meraglia and Ian Mitchell on a Holistic Approach to Hair Loss (with Extreme Results)...

  • The Affordable Care Act Survives After Supreme Court Dismisses Latest Challenge
    17 June 2021

    (WASHINGTON) — The Supreme Court dismissed a major challenge to the Obama era health care law on Thursday, turning aside an effort by Republican-led states to throw out the law that provides insurance coverage for millions of Americans.

    The justices, by a 7-2 vote, left the entire law intact in ruling that Texas, other GOP-led states and two individuals had no right to bring their lawsuit in federal court. The Biden administration says 31 million people have health insurance because of the law popularly known as “Obamacare.”

    The law’s major provisions include protections for people with pre-existing health conditions, a range of no-cost preventive services and the expansion of the Medicaid program that insures lower-income people, including those who work in jobs that don’t pay much or provide health insurance.
    [time-brightcove not-tgx=”true”]

    Also left in place is the law’s now-toothless requirement that people have health insurance or pay a penalty. Congress rendered that provision irrelevant in 2017 when it reduced the penalty to zero.

    The elimination of the penalty had become the hook that Texas and other Republican-led states, as well as the Trump administration, used to attack the entire law. They argued that without the mandate, a pillar of the law when it was passed in 2010, the rest of the law should fall, too.

    And with a more conservative Supreme Court that includes three Trump appointees, opponents of Obamacare hoped a majority of the justices would finally kill off the law they have been fighting against for more than a decade.

    But the third major attack on the law at the Supreme Court ended the way the first two did, with a majority of the court rebuffing efforts to gut the law or get rid of it altogether.

    Trump’s three appointees to the Supreme Court — Justices Amy Coney Barrett, Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh — split their votes. Kavanaugh and Barrett joined the majority. Gorsuch was in dissent, signing on to an opinion from Justice Samuel Alito.

    Justice Stephen Breyer wrote for the court that the states and people who filed a federal lawsuit “have failed to show that they have standing to attack as unconstitutional the Act’s minimum essential coverage provision.”

    In dissent, Alito wrote, “Today’s decision is the third installment in our epic Affordable Care Act trilogy, and it follows the same pattern as installments one and two. In all three episodes, with the Affordable Care Act facing a serious threat, the Court has pulled off an improbable rescue.” Alito was a dissenter in the two earlier cases, as well.

    Because it dismissed the case for the plaintiff’s lack of legal standing — the ability to sue — the court didn’t actually rule on whether the individual mandate is unconstitutional now that there is no penalty for forgoing insurance. Lower courts had struck down the mandate, in rulings that were wiped away by the Supreme Court decision.

    With the latest ruling, the ACA is “here to stay for the foreseeable future,” said Larry Levitt, an executive vice president for the non-profit Kaiser Family Foundation, which studies health care.

    “Democrats are in charge and they have made reinvigorating and building on the ACA a key priority,” Levitt said. “Republicans don’t seem to have much enthusiasm for continuing to try to overturn the law.”

    Republicans pressed their argument to invalidate the whole law even though congressional efforts to rip out the entire law “root and branch,” in Senate GOP Leader Mitch McConnell’s words, have failed. The closest they came was in July 2017 when Arizona Sen. John McCain, who died the following year, delivered a dramatic thumbs-down vote to a repeal effort by fellow Republicans.

    Chief Justice John Roberts said during arguments in November that it seemed the law’s foes were asking the court to do work best left to the political branches of government.

    The court’s decision preserves benefits that became part of the fabric of the nation’s health care system.

    Polls show that the 2010 health care law grew in popularity as it endured the heaviest assault. In December 2016, just before Obama left office and Trump swept in calling the ACA a “disaster,” 46% of Americans had an unfavorable view of the law, while 43% approved, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation tracking poll. Those ratings flipped and by February of this year 54% had a favorable view, while disapproval had fallen to 39% in the same ongoing poll.

    The health law is now undergoing an expansion under President Joe Biden, who sees it as the foundation for moving the U.S. to coverage for all. His giant COVID-19 relief bill significantly increased subsidies for private health plans offered through the ACA’s insurance markets, while also dangling higher federal payments before the dozen states that have declined the law’s Medicaid expansion. About 1 million people have signed up with HealthCare.gov since Biden reopened enrollment amid high levels of COVID cases earlier this year.

    Most of the people with insurance because of the law have it through Medicaid expansion or the health insurance markets that offer subsidized private plans. But its most popular benefit is protection for people with pre-existing medical conditions. They cannot be turned down for coverage on account of health problems, or charged a higher premium. While those covered under employer plans already had such protections, “Obamacare” guaranteed them for people buying individual policies.

    Another hugely popular benefit allowed young adults to remain on their parents’ health insurance until they turn 26. Before the law, going without medical coverage was akin to a rite of passage for people in their 20s getting a start in the world.

    Because of the ACA, most privately insured women receive birth control free of charge. It’s considered a preventive benefit covered at no additional cost to the patient. So are routine screenings for cancer and other conditions.

    For Medicare recipients, “Obamacare” also improved preventive care, and more importantly, closed a prescription drug coverage gap of several thousand dollars that was known as the “doughnut hole.”

    ___

    Associated Press writer Ricardo Alonso-Zaldivar contributed to this report.

Health Science blogs

Science Blogs

17 June 2021

Science Blogs Science Blogs
  • 'Heat dome' scorches western US with record-breaking temps
    17 June 2021
    Temperatures over 120 degrees Fahrenheit are part of a "heat dome" scorching the western United States.
  • 'Supertasters' may have some innate protection against COVID-19
    17 June 2021
    Supertasters may be less likely to become infected with, or become severely ill from COVID-19, a new study finds.
  • A new 'twist' to break viscoelastic liquid bridges
    17 June 2021
    If you've ever tried to lift a pizza slice covered in hot, melted cheese, you've no doubt encountered the long, cheesy strings that bridge one pizza slice from the next. Keep lifting the pizza slice and these cheese bridges eventually break, covering the plate, table (or even your lap) in long, thin strands of cheese. While this is just a minor inconvenience with pizza, it is a longstanding problem in industry, where liquids with similar properties to melted cheese—dubbed viscoelastic fluids—need to be cleanly and speedily dispensed.
  • When this star blows, its planets will be turned into enormous pinballs
    17 June 2021
    The researchers created a computer model to predict the ways the planets would scatter, finding that slight tweaks to starting positions lead to vastly different outcomes
  • Plastics in the Deep Time Record
    17 June 2021
    A million years from now, the 21st century will likely be remembered for plastic more than anything else.
  • THerapy prevents amyloid plaque formation in mice.
    17 June 2021

    A new therapy prompts immune defense cells to swallow misshapen proteins, amyloid beta plaques and tau tangles, whose buildup is known to kill nearby brain cells as part of Alzheimer’s disease, a new study shows.

    Led by researchers at NYU Grossman School of Medicine, the investigation showed that elderly monkeys had up to 59 percent fewer plaque deposits in their brains after treatment with CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODN), compared with untreated animals. These amyloid beta plaques are protein fragments that clump together and clog the junctions between nerve cells (neurons).

    Brains of treated animals also had a drop in levels of toxic tau. This nerve fiber protein can destroy neighboring tissue when disease-related changes to its chemical structure causes it to catch on other cells.

    “Our findings illustrate that this therapy is an effective way of manipulating the immune system to slow neurodegeneration,” says Akash Patel, MS, an assistant research scientist in the Center for Cognitive Neurology at NYU Langone Health.

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    A new therapy prompts immune defense cells to swallow misshapen proteins, amyloid beta plaques and tau tangles, whose buildup is known to kill nearby brain cells as part of Alzheimer’s disease, a new study shows.

    Led by researchers at NYU Grossman School of Medicine, the investigation showed that elderly monkeys had up to 59 percent fewer plaque deposits in their brains after treatment with CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODN), compared with untreated animals. These amyloid beta plaques are protein fragments that clump together and clog the junctions between nerve cells (neurons).

    Brains of treated animals also had a drop in levels of toxic tau. This nerve fiber protein can destroy neighboring tissue when disease-related changes to its chemical structure causes it to catch on other cells.

    “Our findings illustrate that this therapy is an effective way of manipulating the immune system to slow neurodegeneration,” says Akash Patel, MS, an assistant research scientist in the Center for Cognitive Neurology at NYU Langone Health.

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  • 6 Different Types of Web Hosting for Your Website
    17 June 2021

    There are many types of web hosting available, depending on the type of server. Let's have a look at 6 different types of web hosting and their pros and cons.

    6 Different Types of Web Hosting for Your Website
    What are the 6 Different Types of Web Hosting?

    Web hosting provides space or storage to house your website. It is an integral part that helps in improving the speed and performance of websites. Moreover, it boosts rank on search engine pages. There are other vital benefits of good hosting. 


    But, the primary problem is there are 6 major types of web hosting. Selecting the one which suits your business and style best brings along a huge confusion. We have made this selection a bit simple by providing you with the applications, pros, and cons of each hosting type in this detailed article. 


    Types of web hosting 

    There are numerous types of web hosting available, depending on the type of server. Some websites might share similar servers. Also, there can be those which have a separate server. Web hosting is mainly divided into 6 major categories including:

    1. Dedicated Hosting 

    2. Shared Hosting

    3. Cloud Hosting 

    4. VPS Hosting 

    5. Reseller Hosting 

    6. WordPress Hosting


    Dedicated Hosting

    Dedicated hosting is a type of hosting option where a physical server is dedicated to a particular business client. The client can optimize the server as per his/her requirements, such as security and performance. The hosting provider offers this physical server. 


    Dedicated hosting fits well for
    • For large enterprise-level websites
    • For websites with 100,000 or more monthly visits
    • For large eCommerce sites
    • For those sites requiring a robust security 
    • Sites that stores medical and financial data 

    Advantages of dedicated hosting 
    • Predictable and stable website performance
    • Assured resources availability 
    • Highly secured and private
    • Provides full control over hosting server
    • Non-constrained customization or configuration 

    Disadvantages of dedicated hosting 
    • Upkeep and regular maintenance required
    • For management requires technical resources
    • Not budget-friendly 
    • One of the most expensive hosting type 

    Shared Hosting

    Shared hosting is a hosting option where numerous websites use a single server. Typically, in shared hosting, clients do not have any idea which website or who is sharing the resources of a particular server with them. The provider sets a limit on resource utilization for each client, which depends on the hosting package. 


    Shared hosting fits well for
    • Best suited for smaller websites, beginners, and bloggers as their website design are simple
    • For those sites which have a tight budget
    • For those sites that do not need a lot of resources and on-site interaction
    • Websites which not involved more than 10,000 or 20,000 monthly visits.

    Advantages of shared hosting
    • Shared hosting is affordable 
    • The starting plan is as low as $1/mo.
    • Pre-configured server environment
    • No particular skill set or knowledge is needed
    • Out-of-the-box local site management function
    • Managed server maintenance and administration.

    Disadvantages of shared hosting
    • There is a bandwidth limit that means you need to spend more when traffic exceeds a threshold level
    • It supports the limited environment and programming languages such as PHP and HTML 
    • Surging of traffic on other sites can influence your website availability
    • The expensive upgrade is a major problem
    • Limited storage space.

    Cloud Hosting

    It is a type that uses different servers to maximize uptime and balance the load. The website can use a cluster (that employs things from a centralized pool) instead of utilizing a single server. This reflects that in case one server fails, another server activates to keep things running. 


    Cloud hosting fits well for
    • Cloud hosting is ideal for large or medium business sites that are developing at a fast pace
    • Used when you are thinking to scale your website at a constant rate in coming years or months
    • Used if your website traffic is unpredictable
    • For those websites whose month page visit is more than 50,000.

    Advantages of cloud hosting
    • On-demand access to resources
    • Limited downtime
    • Pricing decided by pay-per-use
    • Low latency
    • Customization and scalability
    • Resources pooling
    • Access to value-added services

    Disadvantages of cloud hosting
    • Customization is limited and depends on the cloud type and CSP
    • Cloud expertise required
    • Shared security responsibilities
    • Suboptimal resource utilization can result in higher costs.

    VPS Hosting

    VPS hosting is an acronym given to Virtual Private Server. It is the most famous hosting type. It uses the virtualization technique to offer clients private or dedicated resources on a server with several users. 


    VPS hosting fits well for
    • VPS hosting is suitable for medium-sized or small-sized businesses 
    • For those businesses that cannot afford unexpected downtime 
    • Best for those website holders who have exceeded the plan of a shared hosting 
    • For those who wish to make several custom variation to their server configuration
    • It is also an excellent opinion for tech-savvy owners
    • If websites have large images and videos, they can go with VPS
    • VPS hosting is better than shared when you have interactive websites with multiplex files.

    Advantages of VPS hosting
    • Scalability and stability
    • Dedicated server space
    • VPS has the ability to install any program of software you need
    •  Cost-effective than dedicated hosting
    • Servers have root access.

    Disadvantages of VPS hosting
    • Security and software patches are your responsibility
    • Needs technical understanding for management and installation
    • You need to take care of housekeeping tasks and server performance tuning
    • Have control limitations
    • Have configured limitations.

    Reseller Hosting

    This type of web hosting involves a hosting provider renting bandwidth and hard drive space to another small or mid-sized business. The latter then rents this storage to an entrepreneur or small business, or a third party. 


    Advantages of Reseller hosting
    • Get sustainable and recurring income
    • Set uncapped costs to your clients 
    • Expands your existing services.

    Disadvantages of Reseller hosting
    • Your client will instantly turn to you in case things goes wrong
    • You require a lot of customers to make it worth your effort and time.

    WordPress Hosting

    WordPress hosting is a kind of hosting that is optimized to meet the requirements of WordPress holders, such as security and performance. Moreover, some WordPress hosts automatically update your software as per needs. 


    WordPress hosting fits well for
    • This type of hosting is for WordPress user
    • For those wishing to optimize their WordPress site.

    Advantages of WordPress hosting
    • Increased safety for WordPress sites
    • Optimized for WordPress
    • WordPress one-click installations or pre-installation.

    Disadvantages of WordPress hosting
    • Upgrades are not smooth
    • Less flexibility
    • Less control 
    • They share resources with other WordPress websites.

    The Bottom Line

    Hopefully, the idea of web hosting, its types, pros, and cons must be clear now. While choosing the hosting type for your website, keep the things mentioned in the article in mind. If you fall under those searching for the best web hosting provider, you can go with Esteem Host. It is a popular and affordable platform to house your website. 

  • Blood test checks to see if cancer treatment is working
    17 June 2021

    Researchers have created a new blood test that can tell doctors whether their patient’s cancer treatment is working, within one day after the start of the treatment.

    This will significantly speed up the evaluation process and enable doctors to make adjustments to the treatment plan, if necessary, to improve patients’ chances of recovery.

    Unlike conventional chemotherapies that interfere with all rapidly dividing cells and can cause widespread damage to cells, targeted medicines attack specific molecules that instruct cancer cells to grow and spread and in turn, block the abnormal growth of the cancer. Despite the specific nature of targeted drugs, current clinical evaluation of their treatment in solid tumors primarily relies on either tumor volumetric imaging, which is insensitive and delayed, or invasive tissue biopsies.

    Shao Huilin and her research team from the biomedical engineering department and Institute for Health Innovation & Technology (iHealthtech) at the National University of Singapore (NUS) have developed a technology that is accurate, less invasive, and significantly brings forward the evaluation window, by using liquid biopsies.

    The technique, termed extracellular vesicle monitoring of small-molecule chemical occupancy and protein expression (ExoSCOPE), is the first of its kind in the world. It takes advantage of extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by cancer cells and circulating in blood as a reflective indicator of drug effectiveness in solid tumors.

    “Conventional procedures such as tumor imaging are not only expensive but also delayed. For these methods, treatment effectiveness can only be determined after weeks. Using the ExoSCOPE, we can directly measure the outcomes of drug effectiveness within 24 hours of treatment initiation. This will significantly reduce the time and cost for cancer treatment monitoring,” says Shao.

    “This method requires only a tiny amount of blood sample for the analysis and each test takes less than one hour to complete. So, it is less invasive and yet more informative. In this way, doctors could monitor a patient’s response to treatment more regularly during the course of the treatment, and make timely adjustments to customize the treatment for better outcomes.”

    To achieve sensitive and rapid analysis of drug efficacy through blood samples, the researchers developed the ExoSCOPE as an integrated nanotechnology platform. It measures EVs, which are membrane vesicles of dimension at least a hundred times smaller than the diameter of human hair and invisible under conventional light microscopy. During successful cancer treatment, when a targeted cancer drug attaches to a cancer cell and interferes with tumor growth, the treated cell will release into the bloodstream EVs containing the drug.

    The ExoSCOPE platform harnesses a complementary approach of chemical biology and sensor development to measure these delicate drug changes in EVs.

    “Current technologies to measure drug–target interactions require complex processing and invasive tissue biopsies, limiting their clinical utility for cancer treatment monitoring. By using specially designed chemical probes, our platform is highly sensitive in capturing and labeling EVs in a small blood sample in order to assess drug-target interactions,” says Sijun Pan, a research fellow from NUS iHealthtech, and co-first author of the study.

    “The ExoSCOPE sensor contains millions of gold nanorings to capture the EVs and amplify their drug labeling signals to induce strong light signals. These light signals are then processed to give a readout to indicate drug effectiveness,” says co-first author Zhang Yan, a doctoral student from the biomedical engineering department and iHealthtech.

    Using the developed ExoSCOPE platform, the team collected information on different types of EVs and their drug changes, when treated with various targeted therapies. The platform not only identifies cancer-released EVs, but also monitors their drug dynamics over time to accurately distinguish treatment sensitivity and resistance.

    “Existing blood pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic approaches measure the total drug concentration in blood. This ensemble information does not reflect drug efficacy in tumors. The ExoSCOPE, however, measures drug changes in cancer-released EVs to accurately reflect tumor treatment responses,” explains Shao.

    In a clinical trial involving 163 blood samples from 106 patients, the ExoSCOPE has shown encouraging results on lung cancer patients to enable timely evaluation of patients’ targeted treatment outcomes. Compared against the gold standard of tumor volumetric imaging, which was performed at the end of the entire treatment regimen, the ExoSCOPE achieved an accuracy rate of 95%, but within 24 hours of treatment initiation.

    This technique’s superior analytical performance paves the way for the use of blood-borne EVs for monitoring different interactions between drugs and protein targets in the human body.

    “The ExoSCOPE presents a paradigm shift in blood-based drug evaluation for targeted drug selection and real-time treatment monitoring,” says Shao. “The technique can also empower the clinical community to make more timely treatment decisions.”

    The nine-member team took two years (from 2019 to 2021) to develop and validate the ExoSCOPE platform. Their next challenge is to expand the platform to measure the efficacy of different drugs and apply the technology to a spectrum of diseases from cancers to cardiovascular and neurological disease. A patent has been filed for ExoSCOPE and the research team hopes to bring this technology to market in the next three years.

    “I hope our technology can contribute towards personalized treatment, to guide the selection, dosage, and duration of different treatments, and improve treatment outcomes,” says Shao.

    The research appears in the journal Nature Nanotechnology.

    Source: National University of Singapore

    The post Blood test checks to see if cancer treatment is working appeared first on Futurity.

  • A heart-stopping football match could stop the heart
    17 June 2021
    Hospital admissions due to heart attack spiked during the 2014 FIFA World Cup.

    If you are getting stressed or angry when watching a tense football match, watch out – it could lead to heart attack.

    The 2014 FIFA World Cup was held in Brazil, and saw Germany win the final in a nail-biter against Argentina after extra time.

    Football, aka soccer, is the most popular sport in Germany, so tensions were no doubt peaking during the game. New research shows that the drama of the match may have even prompted an increase of people going to hospital after suffering heart attacks.

    Number of hospital admissions due to heart attacks during he four time period.

    Karsten Keller of Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany, and colleagues found that hospital admissions for myocardial infarctions (heart attacks) spiked during the 2014 FIFA World Cup compared to 2013 and 2015.

    The team analysed all hospital admissions in Germany due to heart attack from four time periods: mid-June to mid-July on 2013, 2014 and 2015 (when the month-long tournament was held), and mid-July to mid-August 2014 – the month immediately following the World Cup. There were no major sporting events in any of the periods besides the FIFA World Cup.

    They found that during the World Cup period, Germany had 2.1% more admissions than 2013, 5.5% more admissions than the month following the final, and 3.7% more admissions than 2015. These results were published in Scientific Reports.

    Cosmos Q&A: Concussion

    The researchers didn’t note any difference in hospital deaths following a heart attack, – except on the day of the ultimate football match between Germany and Argentina, which had the highest number of hospital deaths of any day during the tournament. There was no reported differences in treatments during this time.

    The authors suggest the increase in hospital admissions due to heart attack may have been due to elevated stress levels during the matches. Stress can affect the heart’s function, which can trigger cardiovascular events.

    While the study identifies a correlation between football games and heart attack cases, it doesn’t explicitly find evidence of cause. In saying that, the statistics still suggest the World Cup had a significant effect on public health. Their findings can help inform hospital planning during times of increased national stress.

  • New species of ancient giant rhino
    17 June 2021
    26 million-year-old fossil reveals new species from northern China

    The giant rhino was one of the largest land animals to exist, but its evolutionary history in Asia has been a mystery – except now, scientists have found a new ancient species.

    A team of researchers, led by Tao Deng of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, have recovered the remains of a previously undiscovered species and dubbed it Paraceratherium linxiaense, filling in gaps in our understanding.

    A huge axis of the giant rhino Paraceratherium linxiaense compared to the technician. Credit: Yu Chen

    “Since the 1980s, our team has been searching for mammalian fossils from the Linxia Basin in Gansu Province, in north-western China,” says Deng. “We found very abundant and complete specimens of various late Cenozoic mammalian groups, but only found rare giant rhino fossils in isolated or fragmentary situations.

    “Since May 2015, the complete skull and mandible with the associated atlas, and an axis and two thoracic vertebrae of another individual, were discovered from the late Oligocene deposits near the village of Wangjiachuan in Dongxiang County.”

    The rhino had a slender skull with a short nose trunk and long neck, and had a deeper nasal cavity than other giant rhinos.

    A huge axis of the giant rhino Paraceratherium linxiaense compared to the technician. Credit: Tao Deng

    “When the specimens appeared, their huge size and completeness was a great surprise for us,” says Deng. “When I and my team began to think it was a new species, our first reaction was to establish its phylogenetic position in the giant rhino lineage.”

    After analysis, the team placed the new rhino species on a phylogenetic tree with other giant rhinos, including the giant rhinos of Pakistan. Potentially, the rhinos travelled through the Tibetan region before it became elevated and hard to traverse, as it is today. After that, they may have continued their journey down to the Indian-Pakistani subcontinent during the Oligocene epoch.

    “The giant rhino genus Paraceratherium was widely distributed, but many records comprise only fragmentary specimens,” says Deng. His team’s phylogenetic analysis places P. linxiaense as a derived giant rhino, nested within the monophyletic clade of the Oligocene Asian Paraceratherium.

    “The extremely specialised nasal notch is unique to the giant rhino.”

    The study was published in Communications Biology.

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